Seed pods about 3/4 inch long, on stalks 1/4 inch long. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. FOR SALE! In this study, we determined whether the EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia) Flixweed description. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. We undertook this study to assess the epigenetic effects of ethanol extract of D. sophia seeds (DSE) in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse model of asthma. Flixweed, Ting Li Zi (Descurainia Sophia) is a genus of herbaceous plants in the Brassicaceae family. Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high. Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. Gene expression profile of the A549 human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line following treatment with the seeds of Descurainia sophia, a potential anticancer drug. Geographic subdivisions for Descurainia sophia: CA : MAP CONTROLS 1. Distribution While wet, seeds are sliming, and sticking with mud to passing animals and vehicles; they can be disseminated by that way as well. It is a winter annual that blooms in the spring. flixweed, tansy mustard. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (flixweed) is a member of family Brassicaceae, which is widely distributed in Asia, Europe, northern Africa, and North America. 3, 2005 N. P. Bekker, N. T. Ul′chenko, UDC 547.916 and A. I. Glushenkova Descurainia sophia L. (Cruciferae) is widely used in folk medicine. How to Identify Flixweed (Descurainia Sophia) This is Flixweed, a native of Eurasia that is an invasive weed in North America. The first leaf pair often appear opposite to one another on the stem. FLIXWEED, DESCURAINIA SOPHIA 100 seeds - $1.30. Sisymbrium sophia L.. Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed : poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. Valves 1-nerved their full length and often with less evident side nerves. Title Height: 30–60 (12–24 in.) Flixweed originally grew in on the steppes of Western Asia but it 153816761893 Descurainia sophia.- Southern Tíng lì zǐ. Diuretic, antiasthmatic and cardiotonic activities Descurainia sophia (L.) has multiple medicinal uses which have long been recognized by a system of Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM). A new aryldihydronaphthoic acid, descuraic acid (1), was isolated from the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. Society; January 16, 2018 - 9:23. Descurainia sophia is a member of the family Brassicaceae. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. [PMC free article] Animals disperse tansymustard seeds when the mucilaginous seedcoat sticks to feathers or fur . The stalk stubs remain when the cotyledons are shed. Pods slightly curved and very narrow. Fruits: pods, nearly erect, cylindrical, linear, 2-3 cm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, hardly constricted between seeds, rounded at the tip, the stigma nearly stalkless. Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . Abstract Three new sulphur glycosides, raphanuside B–D (1–3), together with a known sulphur glycoside, raphanuside (4) were isolated from the decoction of the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl, and the compound 4 was reported for the first time from this plant. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Latin synonym: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Mustard Family – Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Growing form: Annual herb. seed. 4 Germination phenology (from August 1998 to 10 June 1999) of Descurainia sophia seeds collected at Vadstena on various dates in 1998. 2005-08-30 00:00:00 Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. The seed can be ground into a powder, mixed with cornmeal and used to make bread, or as a thickening for soups etc[61. Flixweed is the common name of the plant descurainia sophia. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Descurainia sophia seeds are used in Iran to prevent asthma, relieve cough and chest Data are from three replicates of 200 seeds sown on the soil surface 1–3 days after collection. The ju Cotyledons (seed leaves) are hairless, lance to football shaped, and small, up to 1/3 of an inch (7 mm) long. It branches occasionally, and is more or less erect. The medicinal attributes and pharmacological activities especially ascribed to seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) are elaborated below. Description (diagnostics are in brown). Ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds sensitizes A549 human lung cancer cells to TRAIL cytotoxicity by upregulating death receptors. It is well represented in western Asia and Europe. Flixweed is an annual, winter annual, or a biennial weed of crops. The grayish-green plant grows up to 1 m high. CHANNEL Lung, Urinary Bladder FUNCTIONS 1. Kim BY, Lee J, Park SJ, Bang OS, Kim NS. Recommended solution. Flixweed Descurainia sophia Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This biennial or annual plant is ½–2½' tall. Descurainia sophia is a member of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) family, which is cultivated throughout the world as a semiarid crop. The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. Stem upper part commonly strongly haired, lower part stellate-haired. Orange seeds in one row of each side of the pod. Primary Disseminule Type. Seed banking: Herb sophia builds up a soil seed bank [2,5,39,149]. Abstract Flixweed ( Descurainia sophia L.) and London rocket ( Sysyimbrium irio L.) seeds contain quite a number of nutraceuticals and are often used as herbal medicines. Annuals; eglandular; sparsely to densely pubescent, sometimes glabrous distally, trichomes dendritic.Stems erect, un-branched or branched distally, (1-)2-7(-10) dm. 3. Descurainia sophia, commonly known as flixweed, is an annual (rarely biennial) pioneer herb that colonises disturbed sites and is adapted to growing in dry environments.It is also a crop pest and can facilitate the establishment of other introduced species. Descurainia sophia seeds/plants for sale Flixweed Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. Seeds 12-25 per cell, in 1 row, about 1 mm long. The seeds of Descurainia sophia are traditionally used to treat coughs, asthma and edema, but their effects on asthma have not been investigated by multi-omics analysis. It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. From our previous gene expression profiling of TRAIL-refractory A549 human lung cancer cells, we found that DR4 and DR5 expression was enhanced by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) . The stem is straight, branched, 10-80 cm tall, grayish, pubescent. Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). Seed dispersal: Wind, water, machinery, and animals transport herb sophia seed, although most seed falls near the parent plant . Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. In woodland areas Descurainia sophia most often occurs as scattered single plants or in small groupings; in an open meadow it can spread into colonies of hundreds of plants. Our data suggested that CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), an endoplasmic Jong-Shik Park, Chae Jun Lim, Ok-Sun Bang and; No Soo Kim; Abstract Background Our previous genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) death receptors 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5) are … 41, No. Stands often become dense and crowded within a few post-disturbance years and which can increase … Temperature was recorded at a depth of 10 mm. Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Bekker, N.; Ul’chenko, N.; Glushenkova, A. It is found in North Africa and practically throughout Eurasia. cm. Seeds are disseminated with water, wind, and manure. (Sisymbrium Sophia) ... Flixweed seed can probably retain viability for long periods. The stalk below the cotyledon is usually inconspicuous and covered with minute, branched hairs. 2. 葶苈子 Tíng lì zǐ, 独行菜 Du xing cai Pepperweed seed, Woods Whitlow Grass Family: Cruciferae Tíng lì zǐ is also harvested from Draba nemorosa PART USED: Seed FLAVOR: Pungent, bitter. Seeds recovered from house demolitions and dated at 20-30 years are reported to have germinated. 2013; 2013:584604. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. The seeds of Descurainia sophia have been used as a TCM to relieve cough and asthma, promote urination, alleviate edema, and enhance cardiac function for a long time . Flixweed Descurainia sophia. The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs, hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. Seeds of Descurainia Sophia shatter in the field, consequently, soil is the main source of crop infestation with this weed. by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) [24]. The mid-partition longitudinally 3-nerved. Descurainia sophia is a Annual/Biennial up to 0.90 metres tall. Presented here is summary information about the species Descurainia sophia from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. Flowers mature quickly, the plant elongates, and seed pods (siliques) grow rapidly to 15-30 mm long but only .5-1 mm wide. In addition, in Iran, they are used to prepare a type of Persian refreshing drink (sharbat-e-khakeshir). 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