Even before he was born, his family members were fighting against one another. Profoundly religious and a strong proponent of Athenian democracy, he fought at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE where his brother was killed. Encyclopedia of Greek and Roman mythology. Aegisthus was thus killed by Orestes, as was his half-brother, Aletes, but it was also said that Orestes committed a great wrong when he killed his mother despite her pleadings and prayers. The treacherous lover of Agamemnon’s wife, Klytaimestra. He says that the curse is a case of “gods in heaven avenging men, / blazing down on all the crimes of earth” (1607-1608). Aegisthus and Thyestes thereafter ruled over Mycenae jointly, exiling Atreus' sons Agamemnon and Menelaus to Sparta, where King Tyndareus gave the pair his daughters, Clytemnestra and Helen, to take as wives. See Also: Thyestes, Clytemnestra, Pelopia, Atreus, Agamemnon, Orestes. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aegisthus&oldid=990854072, Fictional offspring of incestuous relationships, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 21:53. According to Aeschylus, it was Apollo who instructed him to kill Aegisthus and Clytemnestra and then asked him to return to him to be purified. No matter how far out of the world you live, you will have heard of Agamemnon and the bad end he came to at the hands of Aegisthus—and a fearful reckoning did Aegisthus presently pay. As soon as Iphigenia was killed, favorable winds arose, making it possible for Agamemnon to leave for Troy with his army. In the eighth year of his reign Orestes, the son of Agamemnon, returned to Mycenae and avenged the death of his father by killing Aegisthus and Clytemnestra. Aegisthus is known from two primary sources of Greek mythology. According to Johanna Leah Braff, he "takes the traditional female role, as one who devises but is passive and does not act. When Agamemnon got back, Aegisthus killed him. Eventually, Aegisthus is killed to avenge the death of Agamemnon. What does Zeus say the reason Poseidon hates Odysseus? back to menu ↑ Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. He may have also fought at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE. Thyestes, having a long – time rivalry with his brother and king of Mycenae, Atreus, was advised by an oracle to have a son with his own daughter, Pelopia, who would then kill his brother. The Watchman Since that time, Aegisthus has been in exile awaiting a chance to seek revenge for the terrible crime. He appears in Seneca's Agamemnon, enticing her to murder. [10][11], In Aeschylus's Oresteia, Aegisthus is a minor figure. [9] In order not to be surprised by the return of Agamemnon, he sent out spies, and when Agamemnon came, Aegisthus invited him to a repast at which he had him treacherously murdered. The Mansell Collection/Art Resource, New York. According to the story, Thyestes wanted everything Atreus had and had an affair with Aerope, Atreus’ wife. See what a good thing it is for a man to leave a son behind him to do as Orestes did, who killed false Aegisthus the murderer of … Meanwhile, his wife Clytemnestra was having an affair with no-one else but his foe Aegisthus. The two battled back and forth several times. For seven years after he had killed Agamemnon he ruled in Mycene, and the people were obedient under him, but in the eighth year Orestes came back from Athens to be his bane, and killed the murderer of his father. Clytemnestra was then killed by Aegisthus also mentions the curse when discussing Agamemnon’s murder. Agamemnon extended his dominion by conquest and became the most powerful ruler in Greece. When she discovered that the sword belonged to her own father, she realised that her son was the product of incestuous intercourse. In revenge, Atreus killed Thyestes' sons and served them to him unknowingly. Agamemnon's cousin, and Clytemnestra's lover. In another version, Aegisthus was the sole surviving son of Thyestes after Atreus killed his brother's children and served them to Thyestes in a meal.[1]. It is said that her motives for the crime were jealousy of his new lover Cassandra and … The advice was to father a son with his own daughter, Pelopia, and that son would kill Atreus. Aegisthus was killed by Orestes, as Aegisthus killed Orestes' father, Agamemnon. After the murders, Aegisthus replaced Agamemnon as king and ruled … Thyestes felt he had been deprived of the Mycenean throne unfairly by his brother, Atreus. While Agamemnon was away fighting in the Trojan War, Clytemnestra turned against her husband and took Aegisthus as a lover. Clytemnestra, in Greek legend, a daughter of Leda and Tyndareus and wife of Agamemnon, commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. He hates Odysseus because he taunted Polyphemus, Poseidon's son after poking his eye out. After the death of Tyndareus, Meneleaus became king of Sparta. Agamemnon’s father Atreus killed several of Aegisthus’ brothers and fed them to their father Thyestes. After the abduction of Helen by Paris and the Trojan War, Aegisthus seduced Clytemnestra and together, they killed Agamemnon upon his return from Troy. Aegisthus sees the curse as having a leveling effect, meaning it … The couple killed Agamemnon upon the king's return, making Aegisthus king of Mycenae once more. He and Clytemnestra had a son, Aletes, and two daughters, Erigone and Helen. noun Classical Mythology. Upon his return, Clytemnestra and Aegisthus murdered Agamemnon. 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