https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/2988. Shiitake is used in Japan to treat of cancer as it contains Lentinan and selenium which is antioxidant that prevents cancer. [7], Shiitake grow in groups on the decaying wood of deciduous trees, particularly shii, chestnut, oak, maple, beech, sweetgum, poplar, hornbeam, ironwood, mulberry, and chinquapin. The name shiitake is Japanese, meaning "shii mushroom". APF Shiitake Mushrooms Products ( 70g ; 100g ; 1/2lb ; 3lbs ; 5lbs) The Shiitake mushroom is native to East Asia and known as the “King of Mushrooms” especially in China and Japan. Before 1982, the Japanese variety of these mushrooms could only be grown in traditional locations using ancient methods. Shiitake was the first medicinal mushroom to be scientifically studied for its immune support properties. The presence of zinc in Shiitake mushroom enhances the immune function and lowers the DHT buildup to promote the skin healing. (Shii is the Japanese name for a type of evergreen tree on which the mushrooms often grow). How a Whole-house Water Filtration System Can Benefit Your Health, Kale – Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group), Chanterelle mushroom – Cantharellus californicus, Health benefits of Salal – Gaultheria shallon, Uses and benefits of Snowberry – Symphoricarpos albus, Facts about Sea Holly – Eryngium maritimum, Traditional uses of Scurvy Grass – Cochlearia officinalis, Traditional uses of Sugarberry – Celtis laevigata, Health Benefits of Southern maidenhair fern. Photo by Grant Cornett. The fungus was first described scientifically as Agaricus edodes by Miles Joseph Berkeley in 1877. In maturity, the mushroom is christened Portobello. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Shiitake mushroom cooked without salt. It also effectively inducted the process of programmed of cell death also called apoptosis. A solution containing chemicals that are taken from the plant (extract) is used as medicine. Shiitake; Oyster; Lion's Mane; About Us; Photos; Recipes; Contact Us Terms & conditions Both types of mushrooms grow in the wild but are also cultivated for food and, in the case of shiitake mushrooms, for perceived medicinal value. Those who have a blood disorder condition should avoid the consumption of Shiitake mushroom. Calories 44 Kcal. This mushroom is also known by a number of other common names, such as the Oak, Chinese or Black Forest mushroom. Shiitake mushroom extract, as well as extracts from other mushrooms, is sometimes used in Asia along with conventional cancer treatments. [12][13][14], In a 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving, raw shiitake mushrooms provide 140 kilojoules (34 kilocalories) of food energy and are 90% water, 7% carbohydrates, 2% protein and less than 1% fat (table for raw mushrooms). (Third notice)", "The Shiitake Mushroom-A History in Magic & Folklore", "Cultivation of shiitake, the Japanese forest mushroom, on logs: A potential industry for the United States", "A Review of Mushrooms as a Potential Source of Dietary Vitamin D", "Consuming Lentinula edodes (Shiitake) Mushrooms Daily Improves Human Immunity: A Randomized Dietary Intervention in Healthy Young Adults", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shiitake&oldid=991693190, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 10:11. The Latin name is Lentinula edodes, although in English they're sometimes known as black forest mushrooms or Chinese black mushrooms. They have decurrent, even, or ragged gills, a stem, and are covered with delicate white flocking. The fruit possess robust and earthy flavor. Scientific name: Lentinula edodes. Calories from Fat 2.88 Kcal. Many years ago in Japan, the maitake actually had monetary value and was worth its weight in silver. The intake of Selenium along with Vitamin E and A reduce the acne and its scars. The extract of Shiitake mushroom reduced the pathogenic organisms without affecting organisms that are related with health. Symptoms such as fever, congestion, headache, coughing, nausea, sneezing and general malaise. Name Shiitake mushroom; Scientific Name: Lentinus edodes: Native: East Asia, which is grown in many Asian countries. * By “medicinal” we mean those mushrooms that contain immuno-modulating beta glucans in the cell walls and have a … I frequently receive e-mails from frantic biology students who have been asked to discover the kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species of a certain mushroom. [3] The fungus has acquired an extensive synonymy in its taxonomic history:[4], The mushroom's Japanese name shiitake (椎茸) is composed of shii (椎, shī, Castanopsis), for the tree Castanopsis cuspidata that provides the dead logs on which it is typically cultivated, and take (茸, "mushroom"). You need about 25 shiitake plugs per log. Shiitake mushroom assist to counteract the cancer cells. Genus: Pleurotus. Kabir Y, Yamaguchi M, Kimura S. Effect of shiitake (Lentinus edodes) and maitake (Grifola frondosa) mushrooms on blood pressure and plasma lipids of spontaneously hypertensive rats. [20] Thorough cooking may eliminate the allergenicity. The intake of mushroom also lowers the inflammation. Shiitake also soothes bronchial inflammation and lowers high cholesterol levels. Phylum: Basidiomycota. 2. She makes use of it in preparing a salad, dishes, and almost every soup. The consumption of Shiitake mushroom prevents the tumor cells growth. This is one of the most … [10][11] Before 1982, the Japan Islands' variety of these mushrooms could only be grown in traditional locations using ancient methods. Of course it was accorded the name because it is the most commonly known and eaten mushroom across the world. The study shows that the rat with high intake of Shiitake mushrooms effectively reduce the fat. The fungus has acquired an extensive synonymy in its taxonomic history: The light, amber fungi are found on fallen broad-leaf trees, such as chestnut, beech, or mulberry. Scientific Name: Lentinula edodes. While the scientific evidence isn’t there yet, there is still a notion that it may have an effect. [2] It was placed in the genus Lentinula by David Pegler in 1976. All eight amino acids are found in this mushroom. Calories 81 Kcal. [citation needed], Like all mushrooms, shiitakes produce vitamin D2 upon exposure of their internal ergosterol to ultraviolet B (UVB) rays from sunlight or broadband UVB fluorescent tubes. Its natural distribution includes warm and moist climates in Southeast Asia. Hence, we developed a keen fascination with this mushroom… Shiitake mushrooms (Lentinula edodes) are a popular fungal variety native to East Asia. [22], There is research investigating the use of shiitake mushrooms in production of organic fertilizer and compost from hardwood. [9] (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/3017, https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/3415. Both of these are produced at lower temperatures. Oyster Mushrooms. They work well in soups, or as a meat substitute. 2004;21(1-4):407-409 Shiitake mushroom possess an adequate amount of Vitamin B that assist adrenal function and converts the nutrients into the usable energy. The scientific name of Oyster mushroom is “Pleurotus”. Shiitake mushroom contains the components such as b-glucan and eritadenine which have the fat reducing effects. It also possesses phytonutrients that assist the cells to stick to walls of blood vessel which enhances the circulation and healthy blood pressure. Originating from Japan it’s scientific name is Lentinula edodes. One should add Shiitake mushroom to the diet as it provides various health benefits. Pravettoni V, Primavesi L, Piantanida M. Shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes): a poorly known allergen in Western countries responsible for severe work-related asthma. Oyster Mushroom. All rights reserved. Mushroom Taxonomy: The Big Picture. Order: Agaricales. Species: Pleurotus ostreatus. 'Challenger', 1874–75. In fact, songyi mushrooms (also known as matsutake) have been used for skin lightening in Japan, Korea and China for centuries. The scientific name for Shiitake is Lentinula edodes. It was placed in the genus Lentinula by David Pegler in 1976. One type of high-grade shiitake is called donko (冬菇) in Japanese[19] and dōnggū in Chinese, literally "winter mushroom". Another high-grade of mushroom is called huāgū (花菇) in Chinese, literally "flower mushroom", which has a flower-like cracking pattern on the mushroom's upper surface. [13] Commercially, shiitake mushrooms are typically grown in conditions similar to their natural environment on either artificial substrate or hardwood logs, such as oak. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. The presence of lentinan repairs the damage of chromosomes which is the result of anticancer treatments. Shiitake can vary from very light tan to a dark brown, and they have a characteristic umbrella shaped … Shiitake mushrooms are high source of copper; one serving provides 144.33% of daily value. Shiitake in Japanese means “mushroom of the shii or oak tree.” In Kentucky, the types of trees that shiitakes generally grow on are American chestnut, beech, oak, hickory, and maple. The stem is smooth, fibrous and light brown. Here, with the student's typo included, is … It reduced the HDL and VLDL cholesterol levels. Alternate Names: Shitake, black forest, … Mushrooms. It enhances the immunity power that helps to fight against the diseases as it contains minerals, vitamins and enzymes. The fungus was first described scientifically as Agaricus edodes by Miles Joseph Berkeley in 1877. The fresh and dried forms are added to the East Asian cooking. The Common Mushroom is actually a particular mushroom and not a generic term. Biofactors. Can Coronavirus Pandemic Change Indian Health Insurance Industry? Calories from Fat 3.06 Kcal. It is also required for the metabolism and absorption of phosphorus and calcium. Shiitake Mushroom Benefits | Lentinula edodes Discovering Shiitake Mushroom and Its Benefits My mother is a fan of Shiitake Mushroom (Scientific name: Lentinula edodes ). Shiitake goes by many different names. Can we have tea with milk without sugar in keto diet? In Japan, they are served in miso soup, used as the basis for a kind of vegetarian dashi, and as an ingredient in many steamed and simmered dishes. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. The shiitake has a nutty or garlicky taste and is a good source of vitamin B and essential amino acids. Shiitake mushrooms will start to pin from large knots formed on the surface of the substrate, eventually developing into a more traditionally shaped cap and stem mushroom. These mushrooms have become famous all around the world and comprise more than 1/4 of all mushroom cultivation globally. East Asia, which is grown in many Asian countries. Agaricus mushroom is used for cancer, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, “hardening of the arteries” (arteriosclerosis), ongoing liver disease, bloodstream disorders, and digestive problems. [12], Shiitake are now widely cultivated all over the world, and contribute about 25% of total yearly production of mushrooms. The intake of Shiitake mushroom functions as an acne treatment. It summarizes that the consumption of Shiitake mushroom prevents and treats obesity and other metabolic disorders. It is used for medicinal purposes to treat cancer, environmental allergies, AIDS, Candida infections, flu and colds. Class: Hymenomycetes. When dried to about 10% water, the contents of numerous nutrients increase substantially. Inhibition of human colon carcinoma development by lentinan from shiitake mushrooms (Lentinus edodes). The Common Mushroom. Lentinan from shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) suppresses expression of cytochrome P450 1A subfamily in the mouse liver. The addition of Shiitake mushroom to the diet provides extra Vitamin B. Vitamin D is essential to maintain the bone health and reduce the chances of heart disease, autoimmune disease, diabetes and certain cancer. Shiitake mushrooms are commonly sold in food markets in Asia and are now widely available in the United States, Canada, a… Shiitake mushroom is a fungus. Purchase mushroom spawn (the mushroom tissue used for propagation) in the form of plugs, thimbles, or sawdust. Japan is the country which produces Shiitake mushroom in the largest amount. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/3015. [8] The 185-word description of shiitake cultivation from that literature was later crossed-referenced many times and eventually adapted in a book by a Japanese horticulturist Satō Chūryō (佐藤中陵) in 1796, the first book on shiitake cultivation in Japan. For over 6000 years, it was used by the Chinese people for the medicinal purposes. After the Button mushroom, Shiitake is the most produced mushroom in the world. As shown above, king oyster mushrooms are one of the biggest types of edible … Remedy: Songyi mushroom and kojic acid from shiitake mushroom If your skin tone is uneven or if you have sun-related dark spots, mushroom extracts are a safe, natural way to target the problem. Gourmet Mushrooms. B-glucan reduces the intake of food, slows absorption of nutrition, increase satiety and lower the levels of plasma lipid. On this page, you can find most known mushroom’s Latin name (scientific) and common name. In addition, Shiitake mushroom provides Vitamins such as Vitamin B5 (104.22%), Vitamin B2 (19%), Vitamin B6 (17.77%), Vitamin B3 (13.59%) and folic acid (7.50%). The research shows that the consumption of mushroom improves the function of cell effector as well as gut immunity. It has been grown and used in China for over 6000 years and prized as both a delicious food and medicinal treatment for vascular deficiencies as well as promoting health. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. The study shows that Shiitake mushroom prevent the increase in blood pressure. The Shiitake Mushroom. The antimicrobial activities found on Shiitake prevent the disease associated with the gum inflammation due to the microbial biofilm buildup at gingival margin. This is one of the most commonly available … by Michael Kuo. Along with vitamins, it also possesses various minerals, lipids and amino acids as well. Symptoms such as fever, congestion, headache, coughing, nausea, sneezing and general malaise might be experienced. [15][16][17], In 2015, a study with 52 adults indicated that regular consumption of shiitake can result in improved immunity.[18]. Portobello mushrooms are native to the grasslands of Europe and North America while shiitake mushrooms are native to East Asia. The shiitake (/ʃɪˈtɑːkeɪ, ˌʃiːɪ-, -ki/;[1] Japanese: [ɕiꜜːtake] (listen) Lentinula edodes) is an edible mushroom native to East Asia, which is cultivated and consumed in many East Asian countries. Agaricus mushroom is a fungus.It originated in Brazil, but is now grown in China, Japan, and Brazil for sale. The fruit body of Shiitake mushroom is normally 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) in diameter. Calories 38 Kcal. In Chinese cuisine, they are often sautéed in vegetarian dishes such as Buddha's delight. [20] This effect – presumably caused by the polysaccharide, lentinan[20] – is more common in East Asia,[21] but may be growing in occurrence in Europe as shiitake consumption increases. It is large and umbrella shaped mushroom in dark brown color. Calories 34 Kcal. Nutritional value of Shiitake mushroom cooked with salt. Lentinan is a polysaccharide derived from the vegetative parts of the edible Japanese shiitake mushroom. Maitake’s scientific name, G. frondosa, is derived from an Italian mushroom name referring to the gryfon, a mythological half lion and half eagle beast. Skin and Bones. Shiitake mushrooms are one of the rare dietary sources of vitamin D. Calories from Fat 1.35 Kcal. It is added to soups, stir-fries, stews and side dishes. It possesses antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. Shiitake Mushroom. Privacy Policy A number of online sites sell mushroom spawn, offering a variety of strains of shiitake spawn with different characteristics. 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